The rocky foreshore

A sensible approach to gathering shellfish on a rocky foreshore...

Image de The rocky foreshore

Caption: Green: rocky foreshore - Purple: silty foreshore - Orange: sandy foreshore - Red symbol: fish lock / "écluse" - Red: forbidden area.

 

These advices don't undertake the liabilty of the association.

Ministry of the sea map showing local shellfish collecting rules -

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Advice for Shellfish collection

  • Always replace displaced rocks to protect microflora
  • Always gather seaweed carefully and gently
  • Always check the tide times and range before going on to the reef (range between 20-120)
  • Always wear sensible closed, waterproof boots or shoes to avoid cutting your feet on the sharp reef
  • Always be aware of the current weather conditions and dress appropriately
  • Never go fishing alone and always tell someone where you are going
  • Don't throw anything in to the sea
  • Keep an eye on the rising tide, which could become a danger

Rules for Shellfish collection

  • Always respect the minimum collection size of various shellfish (marked by red pointers on the pictures of shells below) and do not gather more than 5 kgs shellfish irrespective of variety.
  • Only go fishing on the reef during daylight
  • Only collect shellfish more than 25 meters from any granted marine breeding field, like an "écluse" * , or an oysters or mussels farming field . It is  forbidden to fish neither inside "les écluses" nor in the Chassiron experiment area.
  • Only fish using the permitted tools (pick of a 4 cm maximum width handle, knife of a 30 cm maximum length handle , non wire-netted rake of a 80 cm maximum length handle, carpet shell claw)
  • Be aware of forbidden marine activities zones, including channels, protected beaches, harbours, Natural  Reserves like the Moëze- Oléron Reserve and other potentially contaminated areas
  • It is forbidden to sell your shellfish harvest

* Definition

   Ecluse: A manmade wall usually built on a reef to trap fish at the lowering tide. A traditional way of fishing dating from Middle Ages.

Official temporary constraints on rocky leisure shellfish collection

What to shellfish ?

Shells...

 

For more information click on the pictures below to access the free Wikipedia encyclopedia website.

 

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Trochidae

 

Minimum size: No regulatory minimum size

 

Shellfish tip: Find trochidae under rocks or hidden in seaweed. Go for the biggest specimens. Trochidae is different from periwinckle in that it has some pearly marks on the shell.

 

Scientific name: Monodonta lineata / Phorcus lineatus

 

Vernacular French name: Troque

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Common Periwinkle

 

Minimum size: No regulatory minimum size

 

Shellfish tip: You can catch periwinckles under rocks or hidden in seaweed. Go for thebiggest specimens. The periwinckle has a black circular sharp without any pearly marks on the shell.

 

Scientific name: Littorina littorea

 

Vernacular French name : Bigorneau

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Common Limpet

 

Minimum size: No regulatory minimum size

 

Shellfish tip: It can be taken off the rocks with a knife.

 

Scientific name : Patella vulgata

 

Vernacular French name:  Patelle / Bernique / Chapeau chinois / Jambe

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Japanese oyster

 

Minimum size: 5 cm

 

Shellfish tip: The wild Japanese oyster is well attached to the rocks. It can be taken off  with a strong knife. Its minimum size has to be measured from hinge to extremity.

 

Scientific name: Crassostrea gigas

 

Vernacular French name: Huître creuse / Huître japonaise

 

Listed natural oystersfields : Contact the local authorities. By the 6th of september 2016 Official Region bylaw, gathering Japanese oysters (Crassostrea gigas) and Flat or Native Oysters (Ostrea edulis) can be achieved only on the Jamblet and Tridoux fields (Aix island) , the Palles and Toureau ones, the Lauzières field, the La Menoise field ( Angoulins)  from february 1st to november 30th each year. It can be achieved too on the Chauveau field from february 1st to may 15th each year. It must be done between sunrise and sunset. This handgathering can also be done thanks to a 4 cm maximum width pick. Up to 5 kgs each per tide, gathering oysters must de done further than 25 m from any marine breeding field. Only armcarrying back.

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Variegated Scallop

 

Minimum size: 4 cm

 

Shellfish tip: Variegated scallop is attached to the rocks by its own filaments.

 

Scientific name: Chlamys varia

 

Vernacular French name: Pétoncle

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Common mussel

 

Minimum size: 4 cm

 

Shellfish tip: Common mussels attach themselves to the rocks with their own filaments.


Scientific name: Mytilus edulis

 

Vernacular French name: moule

 

Listed natural musselfield : Gathering mussels runs all the year long excepted on the listed natural musselfield in the southern part of the Coureau d'Oléron, where it is prohibited.

Crustaceans...

 

For more information click on the pictures below to access the free Wikipedia encyclopedia website

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 Common prawn

 

Minimum size: 5 cm

 

Shellfish tip: This prawn looks transparent in water. Measure its minimum size from rostrum to tail end.

 

Scientific name: Palaemon serratus

 

Vernacular French name: crevette Bouquet

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Edible Crab

 

Minimum size: 13 cm

 

Shellfish tip: You can catch Edible crabs during the biggest tides in the holes in the rocks. It is forbidden to catch females which carry roe.

 

Scientific name: Cancer pagurus

 

Vernacular French name: Tourteau / Dormeur / Bourse

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Spiny spider crab

 

Minimum size:  12 cm

Maximum Quantity : From January 1st 2018,  6 pieces each shellfisher and tidal are authorized. 

 

Shellfish tip: The Spiny spider crab is found in seaweed during the biggest tides. Don't harvest females bearing roe.

 

Scientific name: Maia squinado

 

Vernacular French name: Araignée de mer / Gourgale

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Velvet crab

 

Minimum size:  6,5 cm

 

Shellfish tip: Find Velvet crabs during the biggest tides in holes in the rocks.

 

Scientific name: Necora puber

 

Vernacular French name: Bataillet / Etrille

Echinoderms...

 

For more information click on the picture below to access the free Wikipedia encyclopedia website.

Image de The rocky foreshore

Sea Urchin

 

Minimum size: 4 cm without spines

 

Shellfish tip: Sea  Urchins grip onto rocks and are often hidden among seaweed, shells, etc. Their minimum size is measured  without their spines.

 

Scientific name: Paracentrotus lividus

 

Vernacular french name : Oursin

 

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